THE ZIONIST MOVEMENT.
THE BASLE CONGRESS.
The Congress adopted the following resolution after the withdrawal of the Territorialists. It embodies the essence of the new policy adopted by the movement. It was moved by Mr. Ussischkin and amended by Dr. Alexander Marmorek, and represents a compromise opinion which is agreeable to all those who remained with the Congress.
“The Seventh Zionist Congress resolves that, concurrently with political and diplomatic activity, and with the object of strengthening it, the systematic promotion of the aims of the movement in Palestine shall be accomplished by the following methods:
“2. Promotion of agriculture, in- j dustry, etc., on the most democratic principle possible.
“3. Cultural and economic improvement of Palestine Jews through the acquisition of new intellectual
“4. Acquisition of concessions.
“The Seventh Zionist Congress rejects every aimless, unsympathetic and philanthropic colonization on a small scale, which does not conform to the first point in the Basle Program.”
The balance of the Jewish National Fund was reported to be $41,-997. In some countries the income had been reduced. This was ascribed to the war in Manchuria, which had affected the condition of the Jews in Russia, and to the differences that had arisen on the East African question. An annual subvention of two thousand francs was granted to the Jewish Girls’ School in Jaffa. The Smaller Actions Committee of the Zionist organization is now composed of the following: David Wolffsohn (Germany), Professor Otto Warburg (Germany), Dr. Bernstein-Kohan (Russia), M. Ussichkin (Russia), Jacobus Kann (Holland), L. J. Greenberg (England), and Dr. Alexander Marmorek (France).
As associates with the Smaller Actions Committee, the following were elected: Dr. Leopold Kahn, of Austria; Dr. 0. Kokesch, J. Kremenestzki, and Architect Oscar Marmorek.
As members of the Creater Actions Committee, the following: For Austria, M. T. Schnirer, Dr. Weleminsky, Dr. Goldwasser, Dr. Korkis and A. Stand. For Germany, Dr. Bodenhemer, Berthold Feiwel, Dr. Frietlemann, Dr. A. Hantke. For Italy, Dr. Felice Ravenna. For Switzerland, Dr. Edmund Wormser. For Belgium, Heinrich Gruenau. For Servia, Dr. Alkalay. For Bulgaria, Dr. Rimalowsky. For Roumania, S. Pineles, Dr. Moskowitz and Heinrich Rosenbaum. For the United States, Dr. Harry Friedenwald, Cyrus L. Sulzberger, E. Lewin-Epstein, Dr. J.
L. Magnes and Leon Zolotkoff. For Canada, Clarence I. de Sola, For South Africa, Messrs. . Goldreich and Kessler. For Russia, Dr. Tschlenow, Temkin, Scheinkin, Dr. Lewin, Dr. Sapir, Rosenbaum, Dr. Jaokobsohn, Slatopolski, Michael Rabinowitsch, Isaac Goldberg,. Nahum Sokolow. For Australia, Mr. Vecht. For the Scandinavian countries, Dr. Fraenkel. For England, Sir Fiancia Montefiore. Joseph Cowen, Dr. Dreyfus, Mr. Moser and Dr. Weitzmann. For Argentina, N. Crenowitsch.
Proft Julius Oppert recently celebrated his 80th birthday in Paris. He received a congratulatory visit from Prince Radolin, the German Ambassador.
The Rand Daily Mail, of South Africa, announces a change of ownership. This paper was founded in 19021 by Harry Freeman-Cohen, and was, up to recently, under the direction of Lionel Cohen and J.
About 500 Jewish refugees from Moscow, Odessa and Lodz, who sought to settle in Buda-Pest, were stopped at the Austria-Hungarian frontier and forwarded to Vienna under Austrian police surveillance.)
Another sample of religious tolerance in Russia! The handful of Karaites residing in Moscow have been granted permission to open a house of worship, while the Jewish synagogue, closed by order of the late Grand Duke Sergius, is still unopened.
A program that was booked at Dvinsk for Sunday, July 30th, did not materialize because of the open preparations of the Self-Defense. A circular issued by the Bund claims that there is proof to show that the Pristaf Grusinsky, of Dvinsk, was actively engaged in organizing the proposed slaughter of Jews.
The citizens of Dvinsk were contemplating the opening of a commercial school, to cost 10,000 rubles. The Jewish community was willing to provide more than half of the needed funds on condition that from 40 to 50 per cent, of the enrollment be Jewish pupils. The Finance Minister thought that 10 per cent, is all that the Jews are entitled to, and the Jews of Dvinsk replied that under such a condition they would supply but one-tenth of the funds. There will be no commercial school in Dvinsk.
General Hinstin recently died at Cauterets, France. He was born in 1831 at Paris, and entered the Polytechnic School in 1849. He was made Colonel in 1878, and was promoted General of Brigade in 1884, and General of Division in 1891, which post he held until his death. After having been Governor of Verdun, one of the most important posts on the eastern frontier, he was ap-Committee on Artillery and Engineering and permanent Inspector-General of engineering works in coast fortifications. He was an officer of the Legion of Honor.
Some interesting facts about the Russian “Bund” are published in the Paris Petite Republique. The association was organized with a Socialist propaganda in Minsk and Vilna in 1897, and now numbers nearly 40,000. During Hie next year the secret police unearthed the society. Eighty Jewish working men were dispatched to Siberia, and the printing press of the Bund destroyed. Next year twenty’leaders were arrested and publicly flogged in Vilua. Numerous demonstrations have been organized against the police, and the latest and most effective outgrowth of the association is the Jewish Self-Defense. Zionism is looked upon by the members of the Bund as a cowardly makeshift.
The courts of Berlin and Glogow are searching high and low for Count Pueckler, who has to begin to serve a six months’ sentence, conscientiously earned by his zeal for the fatherland. At the same time word comes from England that the noble Count is about to visit London. He complains that in Germany he and the judges cannot come to some sort of a satisfactory agreement; so he is about to try it with English judges. e “harmless lunatic”
could be barred out of England on several counts in accordance with the new Aliens Bill, but the new law does not go into effect until January 1, 1906. It is better so, however. Let Pueckler come to London. He will receive the same reception and speedy farewell that was portioned out to the romantic Ahlwardt when he visited New York.
The far-famed town of Daiitzig is aroused over the discovery of a restaurant keeper who “has not served food or drink to a Jew in fourteen years.” A writer in the Danziger Zeitung was “ashamed and indignant” when he heard this from the lips of the inn-keper himself, and assured him that he wouldn’t hold the city license much longer if he (the writer) could help it. Then the correspondent of the Zeitung continues—and he says things which ought to be brought to the notice of many Americans: “A licensed victualer must be taught that his license entails duties as well as privileges, and that he cannot, at his own sweet will and pleasure, refuse to sell such food and drink as his house affords to persons whose known character, conduct or appearance does not warrant a refusal. We want no Anti-Semitic party in Danzig. We live at peace and in harmony with our Jewish fellow-citizens, many of whom are valuable members of our corporation, and to think that any house ,,f entertainment is closed to them is simply disgraceful.”
The “strong situation” at the Basle Congress, aside from the hostile demonstrations of the territorialists, came at the Sunday morning I (July 30) session. On Friday Zangwill had moved that “the magnanimous offer of the British Government be gratefully accepted.” The question was never put to the Congress. After the Uganda offer was voted down, Sunday, Zangwill entered the tribune, and, after a short, but intense, speech, asked Nordau to put his motion to a vote.