Hiring of apartments by Jews in Jaffa

via google translation from
https://www.haaretz.co.il/news/education/.premium-1.2627055

In 2015 a document in Arabic, in the Zionist Archives in Jerusalem, was found by architect and historian of Jaffa, Shmuel Giller. Dated to the end of December 1909 with the names of Meir Dizengoff and Yehuda Leib Makhzon-Cohen, founder of the Gymnasia Herzliya.
The signatories to the contract were 45 members of Ahuzat Bayit .
“the mortgage agreement that enabled the construction of the houses and transferred the plots to the buyers,” Giller explained.

On December 23/24, 1909 the agreement was signed in the Sharia court in Jaffa and was approved by Hassan Fahmi al-Khaldi, secretary of the Jaffa Court of Contracts.
The contract details the names of the land tenants and the number of plots allotted to them, according to a map that was part of the agreement.

Response from Arab press https://www.wattan.tv/ar/news/132094.html :
the document indicates that the land is miri (state land) (أن الأرض أميرية، check translation) and that the contract is rental/lease.

http://www.lebanonfiles.com/news/878546 Tel Aviv lease contract in Arabic – Arab document exposes Israel’s forgery: Tel Aviv is built on leased land

The mortgage contract that paved the way for the establishment of Tel Aviv was exposed

In the Jerusalem archive, an Arabic document of December 1909, in which Meir Dizengoff’s name appears, was recently discovered. An in-depth examination revealed that this was the beginning of the first Hebrew cityShare on FacebookShare with WattsapEmail thisarticleGo to talkbacksSave saved story Zen reading They printed an article

Ofer Aderet

Ofer AderetGet alerts in your email inbox for articles fromAlertsPosted in 03.05.15

A document in Arabic, hidden in one of the files in the Zionist Archives in Jerusalem, took the eye of the architect and historian of Jaffa, Shmuel Giller, a few months ago. In the midst of his research on the history of Bostros Street, Jaffa’s main business street in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, he noticed a file entitled “Hiring of apartments by Jews in Jaffa.” In the file he discovered a document that was dated to the end of December 1909 and was surprised to find the names of Meir Dizengoff, later mayor of Tel Aviv , and Yehuda Leib Makhzon-Cohen, founder of the Gymnasia Herzliya.

“It was clear that there was something interesting here, but the manuscript was hard to read,” recalls Giller. Prof. Ilai Alon, an expert in Arabic, who deciphered the document, came to his aid. When he looked at the translation, Giller realized that he had put his hand on an important historical paper: the mortgage agreement that paved the way for the establishment of Tel Aviv.

The contract, written in Arabic and approved by the Sharia court in Jaffa, was the final stage in the long, complex and winding process of land acquisition on which Tel Aviv was born 106 years ago. The signatories to the contract were 45 members of Ahuzat Bayit, the Jewish group founded in 1906 to establish a “modern and healthy Hebrew neighborhood outside of Jaffa.”

The mortgage contract found in the Zionist Archives Photo: Shmuel Giller

The area on which they planned to build their homes was an area called “Kerem Jibali” near Neve Tzedek, and was purchased from its Arab owners.The mortgage lender was the Anglo-Palestine Bank (APB), which was owned by the World Zionist Organization and later became a national bank, “the mortgage agreement that enabled the construction of the houses and transferred the plots to the buyers,” Giller explained.

A few months earlier, in March 1909, the weekly Ha’olam, the organ of the Zionist Organization, published an article describing the activity that preceded the signing of the agreement. “The Ahuzat Bayit association, whose goal is to build a new Jewish neighborhood in Jaffa, is approaching work … The community is now busy digging a well in the middle of the neighborhood … The main street will be named after Dr. Herzl” , The report said.

Behind the mortgage contract Giller found, which he first published in the Yad Et-Mol newspaper of Yad Yitzhak Ben Zvi, there was a real drama that involved the representatives of the landowners, the lenders, the realtors and the buyers. “Since the boundaries of the lots were not regulated, the bank refused to give the loan and to transfer the plots to the names of the buyers,” Giller said.

The members of the association got nervous and became very angry. On December 23, 1909 they learned that one of the intermediaries in the deal was in the Kaminitz hotel in Jaffa.Thirty-five of them went there, took him by force and brought him to the APC bank office on 18 Yefet Street in the city: “It was a beautiful and bright day, one of the days in the beginning of winter, after rain. So the sun caresses the man and does not burn, “said member of the association Menahem Gilutz in his memoirs:” On this day, most of the members of Ahuzat Bayit gathered at about 11 AM to the Kaminitz Hotel. He said he was feverish and lay in bed, but after we informed him that we were ready to take him to the APB, he got up and left With us. “

The bank’s manager and deputy, Zalman Levontin and Eliyahu Sapir, initially refused to accept the angry customers because the bank had closed and they were going to lunch.However, the members decided to barricade themselves in the bank and did not allow the two to leave. “The gang held them by force in the bank until the affair ended, towards midnight,” says Giller. “The APC saw that this time we are not making fun of it. We are also ready to stay at the bank, to hold a ‘guard’ and also to accompany the manager and his deputy at the bank, “recalls Gilutz, after a late-night disagreement was called by a Turkish notary who drafted the agreement.

“Two hours after midnight, after sitting and besieging the APB for 14 hours, we left the APB and the victory on our side, a rain blessed us on the way, wetting us to the fullest height, but we did not feel like this rain. The future Tel Aviv was in our mind’s eye, “Gilutz said.The following day, the agreement was signed in the Sharia court in Jaffa and was approved by Hassan Fahmi al-Khaldi, secretary of the Jaffa Court of Contracts.

The contract details the names of the land tenants and the number of plots allotted to them, according to a map that was part of the agreement. But how was the division of plots between tenants? Here comes another chapter in the story, which has never been verified historically but has become an integral part of urban mythology.

According to the story, in order to decide which lot each member of the association would receive, a lottery was held. On April 11, 1909, Akiva Aryeh Weiss, chairman of the Ahuzat Bayit Association, went to the beach and collected 120 shells – half white and half gray. On the bricks he wrote the names of the members and the gray the numbers of the plots. The members of the association were gathered later in the day on a sandy slope, where the lottery was held. A boy took the shells with the names out of a box, and a child took out the shells with the smooth numbers from a second box. A famous picture, which supposedly commemorates the event, was taken by Avraham Soskin and entered the history books as the only documentation of the lottery lottery day – the birthday of Tel Aviv.

Dr. Haim Feuerberg of Tel Aviv University believes that the textual and visual information that supposedly documented the land lottery that gave rise to Tel Aviv should be viewed with suspicion. Many asked, “Did the lottery take place? And if so, did it occur in a manner familiar from the conventional descriptions? Where was the lottery held and is there any visual evidence of its existence? “

Last Updated On June 10, 2019