Subhi Bey as governor of Jerusalemsend back to Istanbul in july 1909, he allowed Jews to buy land

Following the appointment of Subhi Bey as governor of Jerusalem, there was less tension between the new governor and the local elites than with his predecessor. Subhi Bey was described as very positively impressed by the Jewish agricultural achievements. Acting upon his own authority, for a short time he allowed Ottoman Jews to purchase land and rescinded the restriction on Jewish immigrants settling on these lands.15 Campos highlighted an important public exchange between Subhi Bey and Dr Yitzhak Levi, a prominent Sephardi and director of the Anglo-Palestine Company’s Jerusalem branch. The governor underscored his role in effecting change and supporting the development of the mutasarrıflık. This reflected early governance policies of the CUP which encouraged economic liberalism. He envisioned working in partnership with the local population.16 Subhi Bey wanted to leave his mark on the Jerusalem mutasarrıflık and encourage Ottoman civil activity. He strove to obtain the cooperation of prominent businessmen from all communities in the development of the district. This was in line with the general policy of the Young Turk regime to foster urban development in Jerusalem and Jaffa in order to consolidate Ottoman control. Subhi Bey saw certain benefits in Jewish settlement for the local population and the Treasury. However, his superiors viewed Jewish immigration and settlement differently and they summoned him to Constantinople in July 1909 for consultations.17 Albert M. Hyamson, an English Jew, historian, and long-standing member of the Zionist movement, visited Palestine in 1909. The Busy Man’s Magazine of Toronto published Hyamson’s report in which he quoted a letter from Subhi Bey, who described his first week in Jerusalem and the first steps taken towards its modernization:

The Jerusalem chamber of commerce, industry, and agriculture, 1909–1910: an early attempt at inter-communal cooperation

Ruth Kark

Ruth Kark

Joseph B Glass

in september, possibility to buy land ended

p110 in 1912 Muhdi Bey also allowed land transfer to Jews